Fundamentals of Sports Physiotherapy Taping

As any professional athlete will tell you, injuries are part of exercising and active sports participation. While it is possible to avoid sports-related injuries, you should always be prepared for such an eventuality. Thanks to Kinesio taping, exercise enthusiasts can confidently participate in their sporting activity of choice because their joints are protected appropriately. However, taping -- as a sports injury prevention or management therapy -- should be done appropriately to achieve the desired results. This article highlights the critical components of taping as a sports physiotherapy technique.

Skin Preparation

Kinesio taping has an adhesive which helps it to adhere to the skin for effective performance. Therefore, it is crucial to prepare the skin before applying the tape. First, the affected area has to be clean-shaven to keep the adhesive from clinging to hair since it is painful when removing the tape. Second, clean the surface of anything that might affect the tape's adherence. It would help if you used an adhesive spray in case a patient has oily skin because it improves the adhesion capabilities of the tape. Ultimately, how well you prepare the affected area determines the effectiveness of Kinesio taping regardless of tape quality.

Promote Blood Flow

Blood is essential to healing injuries; therefore, any physiotherapy technique must not hinder blood flow to the affected area. Thus, while Kinesio tapes should be tight enough to support the surrounding muscles and ligaments, the tapes should not be too tight. If you tape around an injured area too tight, the chances are that you will interfere with overall blood flow and slow down the healing process. By assessing blood vessels, physiotherapists can tape a joint or muscle without affecting blood flow to the injured area.

Taping Position

It is common to find an exercise enthusiast taping around the knee haphazardly just because they injured the joint. Unknown to many people, the knee is composed of numerous ligaments and attaching muscles. Besides, the various parts are affected differently by an injury. Therefore, you might end up injuring ligaments and muscles if you do not approach the taping process carefully. Since the primary role of physiotherapy taping is to protect affected and weak tissue, ensure you get the taping position right from the onset. For example, if you have a posterior shoulder dislocation, you should position the shoulder in the external rotation position before you tape it. This prevents any movements that promote internal rotation, which can exacerbate the injury.

You can reach out to a sports physio clinic in your area for more information.